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Thomas Chapman Leas

Male 1802 - 1849


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  • Name  Thomas Chapman Leas  [1
    Born  1802  Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender  Male 
    Alt. Spelling/AKA 
    • The Leas surname has many alternative spellings, including "Lease," "Leece," and "Leace." Leas seems to be the correct version.
    Census  1830  Fountain County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • Record for: Thomas Leas:
      1 free white male(s) under 5: George Washington Leas (age 2/3)
      2 free white male(s) age 20-30: Thomas Chapman Leas (age 27/28) (and Unknown)
      1 free white male(s) age 30-40: (Unknown)
      1 free white female(s) under 5: Mary Jane "Versey" Leas (age 0/1)
      1 free white female(s) age 20-30: Jane (Walker) Leas (age 25/26)

      Total: 6

      (It is likely the two unknown men were brothers.)
    Census  1840  Henry County, Iowa Territory Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • Record for: Thomas Leas (spelled "Lease" on the form):

      1 free white male(s) under 5: Oliver A. Leas (age 0/1)
      2 free white male(s) age 5-10: Thomas E. Leas (age 4/5) and James W. Leas (age 7/8)
      1 free white male(s) age 10-15: George Washington Leas (Sr.) (age 12/13)
      1 free white male(s) age 30-40: Thomas Chapman Leas (age 37/38)
      1 free white female(s) age 10-15: Mary Jane "Versey" Leas (age 10/11)
      1 free white female(s) age 30-40: Jane (Walker) Leas (age 35/36)

      Total: 7, 1 involved in agriculture
    Land  1 Dec 1841  Burlington, Des Moines County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    • The United States of America, Certificate No. 4532: To all to whom these presents shall come, Greeting: Whereas, Thomas Leas of Henry County, Iowa Territory has deposited in the General Land Office of the United States, a Certificate of the Register of the Land Office at Burlington whereby it appears that full payment has been made by the said Thomas Leas according to the provisions of the Act of Congress of the 24th of April, 1820, entitled "An Act making further provision for the sale of the Public Lands," for the west half of the South west quarter of Section Eleven, in Township Seventy-one North of Range Six west in the district of land Subject to Sale at Burlington Iowa Territory, Containing Eighty acres according to the official plot of the survey of the said Lands, returned to the General Land Office by the Surveyor General, which said tract has been purchased by the said Thomas Leas; and to his heirs, the said tract above described: to have and to hold the same, together with all the rights, privileges, immunities, and appurtenances of whatsoever nature, thereunto belonging, unto the said Thomas Leas and to his heirs and assigns forever.

      In Testimony Whereof, I, John Tyler, President of the United States of America, have caused these Letters to be made Patent, and the Seal of the General Land Office to be hereunto affixed. Given under my hand, at the City of Washington, the first of December in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-one and of the Independence of the United States the sixty sixth by the President John Tyler. by R. Tyler, Sec'y. J. Williamson Recorder of the General Land Office.
    Land Sale to Thomas Chapman Leas
    Land Sale to Thomas Chapman Leas
    U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907: December 1, 1841, Thomas Chapman Leas purchased 80 acres of land in Iowa Territory, recorded in Burlington, Iowa Territory.
    Died  4 Jul 1849  Fort Laramie, , Wyoming Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • (Fort Laramie is presently in Goshen County, Wyoming. Apparently at one point it was in Albany County, but that county did not exist until 1868.)
    Person ID  I1128  All Families
    Last Modified  8 Feb 2015 

    Father  George Leas,   b. Abt 1776, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Apr 1861 
    Mother  Mary Chapman,   b. Abt 1776, Pennsylvania Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Apr 1859 
    Family ID  F577  Group Sheet

    Family  Jane Walker,   b. 7 Sep 1804, Knox County, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Apr 1885, Henry County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  9 Feb 1826  Richmond, Wayne County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location  [1, 5
    Indiana Marriage Records 
    • Name: Jane Walker; Spouse: Thomas Leas; Date: 9 February 1826; County: Wayne; State: Indiana; Source: Family History Library, Salt Lake City, UT; Microfilm: 1838642 - 1838643
    Research 
    • Thomas and Jane (Walker) Leas moved to Iowa Territory between 1835/6, possibly even before Jane's sister's family, that of William and Prudence (Walker) Hardin. (Note: the information provided Fay Leas by Norma Gregorson stated it was 1837. See the following biographical sketch.)

      Apparently in 1849 wanderlust took the Leas family (or possibly just Thomas and son George), and they started further west, following the Oregon Trail.

      Thomas died on the Fourth of July in 1849 at Fort Laramie, Wyoming. This may have contributed to the family returning to Henry County, Iowa (if they were all moving), where they were by the time of the 1850 census.

      Alternatively, since son George was in Calveras County, California, mining for gold at the time of the 1850 census (and the rest of the family was in Iowa), perhaps just he and his father were on the fateful trail where Thomas Leas died.

      Fort Laramie, the gateway to the Rocky Mountains, was a military post, and a welcome site for the pioneers, as it was the first sign of civilization many of them had seen in six weeks. It was bought from the American Fur Company by the U.S. Army in 1849 after the fur trade subsided. The army was embarking upon a westward expansion at that time, and the Sioux Indians, alarmed by the flight of white Americans westward, had become increasingly hostile.

      The general store at Fort Laramie gouged the emigrants on their westward trip, charging about 20 times the amount they would have paid for supplies if they'd been further East in the country. Many of them wanted to sell the store the extra provisions they'd loaded originally, as treking it in wagons was not easy business, and they needed to lighten their loads, but apparently the store refused to trade in this manner, and the trail near the fort ended up littered with heirloom furniture, stoves and food.

      (See URL: http://www.isu.edu/~trinmich/FtLaramie.html (5/2007))
    Biography  1990  Waterloo, DeKalb County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Leas Genealogy 
    • Norma Gregerson, 6255 Del Valle Drive, Los Angeles, California, says her mother's (sic: grandmother's) maiden name was Mary Jane Leas, born in 1829 in Fountain County, Indiana. Her father was Thomas Leas, who married Jane Walker in 1827. They moved to Covington, Indiana, and then in 1837 moved to Mt. Pleasant, Henry County, Iowa. Thomas Leas died in 1849 while on his was West and is buried in Laramie, Wyoming.
    Children 
    >1. George Washington Leas, Sr.,   b. 4 Jul 1827, Covington, Fountain County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Dec 1903
    >2. Mary Jane "Versey" Leas,   b. 22 Jun 1829, Covington, Fountain County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Mar 1900, Henry County, Iowa Find all individuals with events at this location
    >3. James W. Leas,   b. 1 Apr 1832, Covington, Fountain County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1915
     4. Thomas E. Leas,   b. 4 Oct 1835, Covington, Fountain County, Indiana Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Mar 1848
     5. Oliver A. Leas,   b. 21 Jun 1840,   d. 12 Mar 1844
     6. Francis B. Leas,   b. 7 Oct 1841, Mount Pleasant, Henry County, Iowa Territory Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Sep 1844
    Documents
    A Family Record of the Family of Thomas Chapman Leas
    A Family Record of the Family of Thomas Chapman Leas
    Published by Fay W. Leas in the book, Leas Genealogy (originally published in 1990 in Waterloo, DeKalb County, Indiana), page 81. (This document lists Norma Gregorson's mother as Mary Jane Leas. Mary was her grandmother.)
    Marriage Documentation
    Walkers married in Wayne County, Indiana, 1813-1901
    Walkers married in Wayne County, Indiana, 1813-1901
    A list of persons with the Walker surnam married in Wayne County, Indiana, 1813-1901
    Last Modified  21 Jan 2014 
    Family ID  F403  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S94] LDS Online Record (Reliability: 3).
      URL: http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/IGI/family_group_record.asp?familyid=105000643&indi_id=700038196240&lds=1®ion=11&frompage=99 (5/2007)

    2. [S8192] 1830 US Census (Reliability: 4).
      Fountain County, Indiana; page(s) 153 304-305

    3. [S4989] 1840 US Census (Reliability: 3).
      Henry County, Iowa Territory; page(s) 109 213

    4. [S2507] U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907 (ancestry.com) (Reliability: 3).

    5. [S365] Indiana Marriages through 1850 (Indiana State Library).

    6. [S365] Indiana Marriages through 1850 (Indiana State Library) (Reliability: 3).

    7. [S453] Leas Family - Genealogy, Fay W. Leas, (originally published in 1990 in Waterloo, DeKalb County, Indiana), page 81 (Reliability: 3).